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Poquahoc Uhtuk

Poquahoc Uhtuk is a place that was used prehistorically as a summer and fall “clambake” site. Food remains, shell heaps, fire pits, and ceramics were found in the area, showing evidence of indigenous occupation.

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Ayeuonganit Wampum Ayimꝏup

Ayeuonganit Wampum Ayimꝏup

In This Place, Wampum Was Made

Ayeuonganit Wampum Ayimꝏup, Here, Wampum Was Made, also known as Parrish Pond, is the site of a former Shinnecock wampum-manufacturing site.

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In 1891, one hundred and fifty Shinnecock tribal members assisted Willie Dunn, Scottish professional, lay out the first 12 holes of what was to become the Shinnecock Hills Golf Club.

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Little Church

Little Church

Millerite Church

Around 1844, the “Little Church” is built on the reservation. It was a Millerite Church; a sect of the Congregationalist church.

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Raconkamuck

Raconkamuck

Boundary Fishing-Place

Ronkonkoma was once a fresh water pond with a prehistoric village settlement.

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This sacred glacial erratic marks the location of what may have been both the Shinnecock Fort and June Meeting location in the Shinnecock Hills. There have been many references to a contact-period Shinnecock fort, but the specific location has likely been disrupted by development.

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St. Matthew Chapel

St. Matthew Chapel

Freetown Chapel

Known as the last building with direct connection to Freetown, a small village inhabited by freed African slaves and Montaukett Indians, St Matthew’s Chapel,was attended by African, Indian, and whites local residents on Three Mile Harbor Road.

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The first known inhabitants of East Hampton and Montauk town were the aboriginal Montaukett — a place name spelled a dozen different ways in early records. It was not a “tribal” name, but a place name which the colonists conferred upon them as they designated them as a “tribe.” The meaning of Montaukett in William Wallace Tooker‘s Indian Place Names on Long Island is given as either the “high or hilly land” or the “fort country”– both of which appear to fit Montauk topography and the presence of two fortified places. 1

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Manhansack-aqua-quash-awamock

Manhansack-aqua-quash-awamock

Island Sheltered by Islands, Shelter Island

Manhansack-aqua-quash-awamock, the traditional Algonquian name for Shelter Island by the Manhanset group who lived there from pre-historic time until the seventeenth century; is approximately 7907 acres in area. This island is unique for having the largest glacial erratic boulders on Long Island, resulting from the Wisconsonian glacier.1

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In 1657, houses were burned in Southampton village by two Shinnecock men and a black woman who served in one of the houses belonging to Eleanor Howell, widow of Edward Howell a founder of the town. The motive may have been in retaliation for the mistreatment of servants in the Howell home, or in response to roaming horses from Southampton destroying Shinnecock corn fields

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Sachem’s Hole,” also known as Buc-uskkil, resting place, is the site where the late Manhasset Sachem Poggatticut was laid upon the ground as he was being brought from Shelter Island to Montauk for interment in 1651.

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Messemennuck was once a western territory boundary of the Shinnecock people. Cat-tail ‘flag’ reeds were gathered here to become roofs of wigwams, and the river was bountiful in Alewive fish, whose population has lowered due to their dependency on fresh-water sources for their spawning.

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A small 17th century flaking workshop was found here, north of a large village site. Three thousand stone scrapers were found on the surface, collected since the 1880s.

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A confused appreciation – In 1933, artist Elliott Brooks carved several relief sculptures, two in memory of the Montaukett and Poquatuck people of Long Islands east end. Later he describes desecrating a prehistoric burial,

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The territory of this chieftaincy was adjoined by the Matinecocks on the west and extended eastward from the Nissequogue River to Stony Brook and south to the center of the Island. Apparently, there was a disagreement for a time between the Nissequogue and Matinecock Indians concerning their boundary and, as a consequence, they did not always enjoy friendly relations. They had extensive villages at Smithtown and at several other places near the shore within the bounds of their territory.

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The Shinnecock Presbyterian church on the Shinnecock Indian Reservation has been described as “the oldest, ongoing Native American church in America.”

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The Orient Site is one of four known Orient Period (1,300 – 1,000 BC) burials on eastern Long Island.

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Once a Native American hunting and fishing ground, Sylvester Manor has since 1652 been home to eleven generation of its original European settler family with a long intact history of America’s evolving tastes, economies, multi-cultural interaction, and landscapes.

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The Sebonac Creek Site is a Shinnecock settlement occupied from the Late Woodland period until the contact period. A stone pottery fragment resembling a Thunderbird design was found along with evidence of a large wigwam ( 15 by 20 feet ), accompanied by another smaller wigwam (15 by 10 feet) southeast. In the center was a fireplace. Also to the east, a burial was discovered, containing one body.

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Sugar Loaf Hill is an Orient Period burial site facing south eastern, the only Orient burial site known outside of the North Fork of Long Island. During the 20th century, despite being known and marked on maps as early as 1797, the burial grounds were desecrated and developed for contemporary residence.

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Weeckatuck

Weeckatuck

The end of the woods

The indigenous peoples who inhabited the general area of Noyack were a small segment of the Shinnecock, known as the Weckatuck (meaning “end of the woods or trees, or end of the cove or creek.” Sometimes spelled Wickatuck, Wecutake, Wecatuck, Weckatuck, Weeckatuck) . Described by Southampton in a 1964 publication, they were peace loving Indians who settled in isolated groups and lived off shellfish and game. They farmed to a limited degree. Six or eight families lived on one site until the farming land was exhausted, or until collection of refuse became a serious problem. The largest known encampment of Noyack Indians was beside the Mill Pond, now known as the Trout Pond. The last known Weckatucks lived in a teepee back of Mill Pond shortly before the end of the nineteenth century. 1

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The Stony Brook Site is a prehistoric Indian Village located in the town of Stony Brook, New York, often described as an area on the North Store of “Aunt Amy’s Creek.” Found in 1956 and later excavated by William A. Ritchie in 1959, Ritchie describes the component as “Indians [who] are believed to be of the pre-ceramic archaic group who wandered from one semi-permanent camp to the next from c. 3000 B.C to 1000 B.C.” In 1981, Edward Johannemann, director of the Long Island Archaeological Project at the State University at Stony Brook, described the site as a 3,000 year old weapons factory. 1

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In 2003, a group burial was discovering during residential development and a house barn construction, dating back to between 1400 to 1640 AD. Shinnecock tribal members argued against further disruption of the soil, seeing the proposed barn as a cemetery site.

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In 1952, The Great Cove Real Estate Company attempted to build houses on the Shinnecock Indian Reservation just south of Montauk Highway in an attempt to steal Shinnecock Land.

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The Duke site, named after Anthony Drexel Duke, is a site that was excavated by the New York State Archaeological Association, L.I. Chapter in 1974.  On this site, a shell midden was found, suggesting the presence of indigenous occupation in the area.

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Eastville in Sag Harbor is a contemporary community, formed largely the descendants of Freed Native and black slaves, black and Native whalers, and European settlers. The neighborhood was first established in the early twentieth century by free people of color, who then increased in size as whites.

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The West Woods sweat lodge is a contemporary ceremonial site for the Shinnecock Tribe.

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West Woods is a four hundred acre beach and woodland area owned by the Shinnecock Tribe. The woodland and beach area is used for contemporary social gatherings, weddings, celebrations, camping, and sweat lodge ceremonies.

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Whale’s fin is a sacred site for the Shinnecock, located two and a half miles south west from the current reservation and two miles south east from Canoe Place. Here, the whales were known to beach, potentially as an offering for sustenance to the Shinnecock in the area.

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Fort Pond in Montauk was once called Konkhunganik by the Montaukett Indians before and during the 1800s at its southern half and Quanuntowunk for its north shore.

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The Fort Corchaug Site is an archaeological site showing evidence of 17th-century contact between Native Americans and Europeans, categorizing it as a post-contact site. Fort Corchaug itself was a log fort built by Native Americans with the help of Europeans, potentially serving as protection for the Corchaug tribe against other tribes.

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Conscience Point is the approximate landing place of the first English colonists who arrived here in June of 1640. The Shinnecock Indians lived around the harbor for many centuries before the arrival of the English who subsequently settled in the vicinity of the present Southampton Village. Both the early settlers and the Native Americans benefited from the productivity of the marsh-bordered land and harbor.

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The Shinnecock Indian Reservation is a self-governing reservation. The reservation has a museum, shellfish hatchery, education center, cultural and community center, playground, and Presbyterian church. 

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Indian Island is a site of spiritual significance. During a 2005 storm, the beach eroded exposing burials and artifacts. The Shinnecock and Unkechaug, in cooperation with the Riverhead Park and Town supervisors, repatriated the remains.

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Niamuck

Niamuck

Canoe Place

Niamuck was once the primary location of settlement for the Shinnecock people prior to the current Shinnecock Reservation. From the current Shinnecock Canal to the southern most land tip, the Shinnecock people existed before contact. This land was formally lost to the Shinnecock in 1703, but historical maps show continued indigenous presence until the mid 19th century.

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In 1876, freight ship Circassian wrecked off the coast of Mecox Bay in Bridgehampton. Ten members of the Shinnecock tribe were among those who drowned.

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A single fenced grave marks the burial location of Reverend Paul Cuffee. This site was chosen for his burial as it was once the meeting place for the old Indian church location. It also exists within “Good Ground,” the old name of Hampton Bays.

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The Springy Banks site has been described as a favorite summer camping grounds of the Montauk.

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Four prehistoric human remains were found at Reeve Farm Site in 1961, sparking public and  archaeological attention. For decades following, local residents flocked to the farm in an attempt to uncover more remains and artifacts.

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The Unkechaug Nation maintains a sovereign relationship with the State of New York, other Indian Nations in the United States and Canada and other foreign powers. The Unkechaug Nation is located on the Poospatuck (“where the waters meet”) Reservation in Long Island, NY.

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Indian Fields is a settlement site for the Montaukett Indians with evidence of occupation from the pre-contact Paleo-Indian period until May, 1885. This terrain of 1200 acres of rolling grassland and brush is now a Suffolk County Park.

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Missi Kesukut

Missi Kesukut

At Great Sky

Missi Kesukut is a sacred site that was first preserved in 1991. In 2006, a skull was found in the area, identifying the area as a cemetery and at one time an Indian village. This discovery led to several years of local indigenous groups to dispute whether the area should be developed or remain as it is.

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The Jamesport Site is an Orient Period (1,000 – 1,300 BC) ceremonial burial ground.

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Listing Results

  • Poquahoc Uhtuk

    Poquahoc Uhtuk

    Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Post-Contact

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  • Ayeuonganit Wampum Ayimꝏup

    Ayeuonganit Wampum Ayimꝏup

    Early Woodland, Late Woodland

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  • Shinnecock Hills Golf Club

    Shinnecock Hills Golf Club

    Contemporary, Post-Contact

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  • Little Church

    Little Church

    Post-Contact

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  • Raconkamuck

    Raconkamuck

    Archaic, Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Orient (Transitional), Paleo-Indian, Post-Contact

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  • Fort Shinnecock

    Fort Shinnecock

    Post-Contact

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  • St. Matthew Chapel

    St. Matthew Chapel

    Contemporary, Post-Contact

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  • Montaukett

    Montaukett

    Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Post-Contact

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  • Manhansack-aqua-quash-awamock

    Manhansack-aqua-quash-awamock

    Archaic, Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Orient (Transitional)

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  • Howell Homestead

    Howell Homestead

    Post-Contact

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  • Sachem’s Hole

    Sachem’s Hole

    Post-Contact

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  • Messemennuck

    Messemennuck

    Late Woodland, Post-Contact

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  • Hallock Site

    Hallock Site

    Late Woodland

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  • Elliot A Brook’s Carvings

    Elliot A Brook’s Carvings

    Contemporary

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  • Nissaquogue

    Nissaquogue

    Archaic, Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Orient (Transitional)

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  • Shinnecock Presbyterian Church

    Shinnecock Presbyterian Church

    Contemporary, Post-Contact

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  • Orient Burial

    Orient Burial

    Orient (Transitional)

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  • Sylvester Manor

    Sylvester Manor

    Post-Contact

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  • Sebonac Creek Settlement

    Sebonac Creek Settlement

    Late Woodland

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  • Sugar Loaf Hill

    Sugar Loaf Hill

    Early Woodland, Orient (Transitional)

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  • Weeckatuck

    Weeckatuck

    Late Woodland, Post-Contact

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  • Stony Brook Site

    Stony Brook Site

    Orient (Transitional)

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  • Horse Barn Burial Site

    Horse Barn Burial Site

    Late Woodland

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  • Cove Realty Site

    Cove Realty Site

    Contemporary

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  • Duke Site

    Duke Site

    Late Woodland

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  • Eastville

    Eastville

    Contemporary, Post-Contact

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  • West Woods Sweat Lodge

    West Woods Sweat Lodge

    Contemporary

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  • West Woods

    West Woods

    Contemporary, Post-Contact

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  • Whale’s Fin

    Whale’s Fin

    Late Woodland

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  • Konkhunganik

    Konkhunganik

    Archaic, Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Paleo-Indian

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  • Fort Corchaug

    Fort Corchaug

    Post-Contact

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  • Conscience Point

    Conscience Point

    Post-Contact

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  • Shinnecock Indian Reservation

    Shinnecock Indian Reservation

    Contemporary, Post-Contact

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  • Indian Island Site

    Indian Island Site

    Early Woodland

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  • Niamuck

    Niamuck

    Post-Contact

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  • Circassian Shipwreck

    Circassian Shipwreck

    Post-Contact

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  • Rev. Paul Cuffee Gravesite

    Rev. Paul Cuffee Gravesite

    Contemporary

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  • Springy Banks Pow Wow Grounds

    Springy Banks Pow Wow Grounds

    Contemporary, Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Post-Contact

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  • Reeve Farm Site

    Reeve Farm Site

    Archaic

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  • Unkechaug Indian Reservation

    Unkechaug Indian Reservation

    Archaic, Contemporary, Early Woodland, Late Woodland, Orient (Transitional), Post-Contact

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  • Indian Fields

    Indian Fields

    Late Woodland, Post-Contact

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  • Missi Kesukut

    Missi Kesukut

    Early Woodland, Late Woodland

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  • Jamesport Site

    Jamesport Site

    Early Woodland

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